# Echo-state networks

tags
Recurrent neural networks, Unsupervised learning
resources
Scholarpedia

## Principle

An echo state network is usually a standard RNN with fixed random weights. The output from this RNN is used as a high dimensional feature map to be fed into a machine learning system.

## Bibliography

1. . . "Harnessing Nonlinearity: Predicting Chaotic Systems and Saving Energy in Wireless Communication". Science 304 (5667):78–80. DOI.
2. . . "Special Issue on Echo State Networks and Liquid State Machines". Neural Networks 20 (3):287–89. DOI.
3. . . "Long Short-term Memory in Echo State Networks: Details of a Simulation Study". Jacobs University Bremen.