Self-organization is an emergent phenomenon

Open questions in self-organization

From (Gershenson et al. 2020)

How can self-organization be programmed?

This question is fundamental. It is one thing to have systems that exhibit beautiful and surprising self-organization, but its a different thing to be able to steer it in the right direction and use it.

Can the macroscopic outcomes of self-organization be predicted?

What is the role of self-organization in the open problems of ALife?

What are the theoretical and practical limits of self-organization?

How can understanding of self-organization in ALife benefit other disciplines?


  1. . . "Self-organization and Artificial Life". Artificial Life 26 (3):391–408. DOI.
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